Occupational Exposure and Its Risks Exposure and Threats

 
 
International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)
 
© 2018 by IJBTT Journal
Volume - 8 Issue - 1                          
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : KarashdeepKaur, RupinderKaur
  10.14445/22490183/IJBTT-V8I1P605

KarashdeepKaur, RupinderKaur "Occupational Exposure and Its Risks Exposure and Threats", International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT), V8(1): 36-42 January - March 2018, Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

Abstract

Chemicals are widely used in industries. Many chemicals and radiations have bio-importance but the toxic effects of many of them in human biochemistry are of great concern. All these carcinogenic harmful substance pose serious public health issue as they are one of the most widespread environmental and industrial toxins. Hence, there is the need for proper understanding of the conditions, such as the concentrations and states, which make them harmful. It is also important to know their sources, processes, chemical conversions and their modes of deposition to pollute the environment, which essentially supports lives. These are released into the environment by both natural and anthropogenic sources. They percolate into underground waters, moving along water pathways and eventually depositing in the soil. Poisoning and toxicity in animals occur frequently through exchange and co-ordination mechanisms. Exposures to hazardous materials have been associated with a number of serious systemic toxicological effects involving the nervous system, blood-forming organs, reproductive system, lung and kidney. Studies have shown genotoxic effects in workers exposed to toxic chemicals.Occupational exposure assessment is the strategy which helps employers to protect the health of workers who are exposed to chemicals in their workplace. Our study suggest workers comprise the risk group requires adequate safety, precautionary and preventivemeasures could only minimize exposure and the related health hazards.

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Keywords
Exposure, Metal, Radiations, Pesticides, Toxicity, Genotoxic effects.