Study on the Strength and Deformation Characteristics of Rock Mass

International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)
© 2013 by IJBTT Journal
Volume - 3 Issue - 3                          
Year of Publication : 2013
Authors :S.Aravindan, DS.Vijayan, K.Ilayaraja

S.Aravindan, DS.Vijayan, K.Ilayaraja "Study on the Strength and Deformation Characteristics of Rock Mass",International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT), V3(3):48-54 July - September 2013. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.


This paper deals with the statistical analysis of the compressive strength and of the elastic modulus of jointed rock masses under different confining pressures. Properties of the rock masses with different joint fabric, with and without gouge have been considered in the analysis. A large amount of experimental data of jointed rock masses from the literature has been compiled and used for this statistical analysis. The compressive strength of a rock mass has been represented in a non-dimensional form as the ratio of the compressive strength of the jointed rock to the intact rock. In the elastic modulus, the ratio of elastic modulus of jointed rock to that of intact rock at different confining pressures is used in the analysis. The effect of the joints in the rock mass is taken into account by a joint factor. The joint factor is defined as a function of joint frequency, joint orientation, and joint strength. Several empirical relationships between the strength and deformation properties of jointed rock and the joint factor have been arrived at via statistical analysis of the experimental data. A comparative study of these relationships is presented. The effect of confining pressure on the elastic modulus of the jointed rock mass is also considered in the analysis. These empirical relationships are incorporated in a nonlinear FEM code to carry out the equivalent continuum analysis of jointed rock masses. The method presented in this paper recognizes that the jointed rock mass will act both as an elastic material and a discontinuous mass.


1. ASTM (2008), ASTM D4543-08, standard practices for preparing rock core as cylindrical test specimen and verifying conformance to dimensional and shape tolerance.
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3. ASTM (2008), D5731-08, standard test method for the determination of the point load strength index of rock and application to rock strength classification. 4. ASTM (2002), D3148 standard test method for elastic modules of intact rock core specimen in uniaxial compression.
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The results obtained by the model with equivalent properties of the rock mass predict fairly well the behavior of Rock mass.