Evolution of Transgenic Technology in Cereal Crops: a Review Approach

 
 
International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)
 
© 2015 by IJBTT Journal
Volume-12                         
Year of Publication : 2015
Authors : Vikrant

Vikrant "Evolution of Transgenic Technology in Cereal Crops: a Review Approach", International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT),V12:17-26 September-October 2015. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

Abstract

This review study reports a concise analysis of investigations on origin and progress of transgenic technology in major cereal crops which is the integral part of the cereals improvement programmes. Most genetic transformation approaches of cereal crops have been majorly restricted to rice, wheat, maize, barley and oats. Rice has been considered as a model system for transgenesis and also for many molecular genetic studies. Moreover, certain parameters; such as selection of target tissues for desired gene transfer, screening of competent genotypes for regeneration and transformation, modes of gene deliveries and use of suitable selection markers for screening of putative transformants have been considered as major influencing factors for the success of transgenic technology. Immature embryo in general has been proved definitely the best target tissue for cereal transformation, but the optimal size and stage of the embryos is greatly affected by vegetative and physiological status of the mother plant. Amongst various modes of gene transformation applied in cereals biotechnology; biolistic-mediated gene delivery has been used more frequently than Agrobacteriummediated transformation techniques. In addition to conventional plant breeding techniques, the genetic transformation of cereals with agronomically important target genes is required to improve nutritional quality and quantity of cereals particularly resistance to various stresses and diseases.

References

[1] J.M. Dunwell, “Global population growth, food security and food and farming for the future”. In: D.J. Bennett, and R.C. Jennings, (Eds.) Successful Agricultural Innovation in Emerging Economies: New Genetic Technologies for Global Food Production, Cambridge University Press. pp.23-38, 2013.
[2] G.A. Khan, A. Bakhsh, T. Husnain, and S. Riazuddin, “Introduction of Cry1Ab gene in Gossypium hirsutum enhances resistance against lepidopteran pests”. Span. J. Agri. Res., vol. 9, pp.296-330, 2011.
[3] I.K. Vasil, “A short history of plant biotechnology”. Phytochem. Rev., vol.7, pp.387–394, 2008.
[4] R.T. Fraley, S.G. Roger, R.B. Horsch, P.S. Sanders, J.S. Flick, S.P. Adams, M.L. Bittner, L.A. Brand,C.L. Fink, J.S. Fry, G.R. Galluppi, S.B. Goldberg, N.L. Hoffman, and S. Woo, “Expression of bacterial genes in plant cells”. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., vol.80, pp.4803–4807, 1983.
[5] M. Bevan, “Binary Agrobacterium vectors for plant transformation”. Nucleic Acids Res., vol.12, pp.8711-8721, 1984.
[6] J.C. Sanford, T.M. Klein, E.D. Wolt, and N. Alle, “Delivery of substances into cells and tissues using a particle bombardment process.” Pariculate Science and Technology, vol.5, pp. 27-37, 1987.
[7] W.J. Gordon-Kamm, T.M. Spencer, M.L. Mangano, T.R. Adams, R.J. Daines, W.G. Start, J.V. O’Brien, S.A. Chambers, W.R. Adams, N.G. Willetts, T.B. Rice, C.J. Mackey, R.W. Krueger, A.P. Kausch, and P.G. Lemaux, “Transformation of maize cells and regeneration of fertile transgenic plants”. Plant Cell, vol. 2, pp. 603-618, 1990.
[8] A.S. Ceasar, and E.S. Ignacimuthu, “Genetic engineering of millets: current status and future prospects”. Biotech. Lett., vol. 31, pp.779–788, 2009.
[9] Y. Hiei, S. Ohta, T. Komari, and T. Kumashiro, “Efficient transformation of rice (Oryza sativa L.) mediated by Agrobacterium and sequence analysis of the boundaries of the T-DNA”. Plant J., vol. 6, pp. 271–282, 1994.
[10] P. Christou, T.L. Ford, and M. Kofron, “Production of transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants from agronomically important indica and japonica varieties via electric discharge particle acceleration of exogenous DNA into immature zygotic embryos”. Bio/Technology, vol. 9, pp. 957-962, 1991.
[11] Y. Hiei, and T. Komari, “Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of rice using immature embryos or calli induced from mature seed”. Nat. Protoc., vol. 3, pp. 824–834, 2008.
[12] H. Saika, and S. Toki, “Mature seed-derived callus of the model indica rice variety Kasalath is highly competent in Agrobacteriummediated transformation”. Plant Cell Rep., vol. 29, pp. 1351–1364, 2010.
[13] A. Karthikeyan, S.K. Pandian, and M. Ramesh, ”Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of leaf base derived callus tissues of popular indica rice (Oryza sativa L. subsp. indica cv. ADT43)”. Plant Sci., vol. 181, pp. 258–268, 2011.
[14] K.K. Sahoo, A.K. Tripathi, A. Pareek, S.K. Sopory, and S.L. Singla-Pareek, “An improved protocol for efficient transformation and regeneration of diverse indica rice cultivars”. Plant Methods, vol. 7, pp. 49, 2011.
[15] L. Li, R. Qu, A. De Kochko, C. Fauquet, and R.N. Beachy, “An improved rice transformation system using the biolistic method”. Plant Cell Rep., vol. 12, pp. 250-255, 1993.
[16] M.T. Chan, H.H. Chang, S.L. Ho, W.F. Tong, and S.M. Yu, “Agrobacterium-mediated production of transgenic rice plants expressing a chimeric α-amylase promoter/β-glucuronidase gene”. Plant Mol. Biol., vol.22, pp. 491-506, 1993.
[17] S. Toki, “Rapid and efficient Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in rice”. Plant Mol. Biol. Rep., vol.15, pp. 16-21, 1997.
[18] J. Dong, W. Teng, W.G. Buchholz, and T.C. Hall, “Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Javanica rice”. Mol. Breed., vol. 2, pp. 267-276, 1996.
[19] H. Rashid, S. Yokoi, K. Toriyama, and K. Hinata, “Transgenic plant production mediated by Agrobacterium in indica rice”. Plant Cell Rep., vol. 15, pp. 727-730, 1996.
[20] Y.J. Lin, and Q. Zhang, “Optimizing the tissue culture conditions for high efficiency transformation of indica rice”. Plant Cell Rep., vol. 23, pp. 540-547, 2005.
[21] K. Ozawa, “Establishment of a high efficiency Agrobacteriummediated transformation system of rice (Oryza sativa L.)”. Plant Sci., vol. 176, pp. 522-527, 2009.
[22] Vikrant, R. Maragathamani, and P. Khurana, “Somatic embryogenesis from mature caryopsis culture under abiotic stress and optimization of Agrobacterium-mediated transient GUS gene expression in embryogenic callus of rice (Oryza sativa L.)”. Journal of Phytology, vol. 4(5), pp.16-25, 2012.
[23] S.H. Park, S.R.M. Pinson, and R.H. Smith, “T-DNA integration into genomic DNA of rice following Agrobacterium inoculation of isolated shoot apices”. Plant Mol. Biol., vol. 32, pp. 1135-1148, 1996.
[24] J. Dong, P. Kharb, W. Teng and T.C. Hall, “Characterization of rice transformed via an Agrobacterium-mediated inflorescence approach”. Mol. Breed., vol. 7, pp. 187-194, 2001.
[25] M-J. Cho, H. Yano, D. Okamoto, H-K Kim, H-R. Jung, K. Newcomb, V.K. Le, H.S. Yoo, R. Langham, B.B. Buchanan, and P.G. Lemaux, “Stable transformation of rice (Oryza sativa L.) via microprojectile bombardment of highly regenerative, green tissues derived from mature seed”. Plant Cell Rep., vol.22, pp. 483-489, 2004.

Keywords
Cereals, Selection Markers, Reporter gene, Agrobacterium, Biolistic, Transgenic.