Sorption Equilibrium and Kinetics for Adsorption of Methelene Blue Using Groundnut Shell

International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)
© 2013 by IJBTT Journal
Volume - 3 Issue - 2                          
Year of Publication : 2013
Authors :R.Harish, P.Ramalingam, D.Darmenthirkumar


R.Harish, P.Ramalingam, D.Darmenthirkumar "Sorption Equilibrium and Kinetics for Adsorption of Methelene Blue Using Groundnut Shell",International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT), V3(2):17-29 April - June 2013. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.


Dye containing waste water is a major environmental problem .The treatment method for the removal of dye is costly. For this the use of low cost easily available adsorbent was studied. sorption of methylene blue on to groundnut shell was studied by varying the parameters like initial dye concentration, pH and sorbent dosage. Dye biosorption was rapid up to 60 minutes and equilibrium was attained at 240 minutes after 60 minutes the removal rate was slow due to the decrease in the number of vacant sites.


1. S.Rangabhashiyam, N. Anu, N. Selvaraju 2013 Sequestration of dye from textile industry wastewater using agricultural waste products as adsorbentsJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering Volume 1, Issue 4, December 2013, Pages 629– 641
2. M.C. SomasekharaReddy, V. Nirmala, C. Ashwini 2013 Arabian Journal of ChemistryBengal Gram Seed Husk as an adsorbent for the removal of dyes from aqueous solutions – Batch studies
3. Yu Xi, YongFang Shen, Fan Yang, GaoJu Yang, Chang Liu, Zheng Zhang, DaHeng Zhu 2013,Removal of azo dye from aqueous solution by a new biosorbent prepared with Aspergillus nidulans cultured in tobacco wastewaterOriginal Research Article Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, Volume 44, Issue 5, September 2013, Pages 815- 820
4. Aksu, Z., 2005. Application of biosorption for the removal of organic pollutants: Areview. Proc. Biochem. 40, 997–1026
5. Aksu, Z. S. Sen Cagatay, Investigation of biosorption of Gemazol Turquise Blue-G reactive dye by dried Rhizopus arrhizus in batch and continuous systems, Sep. Pur. Technol. 48 (2005) 24–35.
6. Alkan, M., Celikc¸apa, S., Demirbas, O¨ ., Dogan, M., 2005. Removal of reactive blue 221 and acid blue 62 anionic dyes from aqueous solutions by sepiolite. Dyes Pigments 65, 251–259
7. Annadurai, G., Chellapandian, M., Krishnan, M.R.V., 1999. Adsorption of reactive dye on chitin. Environ. Monitor. Assessment 59, 111–119.
8. Annadurai, G., Juang, R.S., Lee, D.J., 2002. Use of cellulose-based wastes for adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions. J. Hazard. Mater. B92, 263–274
9. Aksu, Z., Tezer, S., 2000. Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of biosorption of Remazol Black B by Rhizopus arrhizus in a batch system: effect of temperature. Proc. Biochem. 36, 431–439.
10. Aksu Z., I.A. Isoglu, Removal of copper(II) ions from aqueous solution by biosorption onto agricultural waste sugar beet pulp, Process Biochem. 40 (2005) 3031– 3044
11. G. Crini, Non-conventional low-cost adsorbents for dye removal: a review,Bioresour. Technol. 97 (2006) 1061– 1085.
12. Grag, V.K., Raksh Kumar and Renuka Gupta,2004. Removal of malachite green dye from aqueous solution by adsorption using agroindustries waste: A case study of Phosopis ceneraria. Dyes & Pigments, 62: 1-10
13. Namasivayam, C. and N. Kanchana, 1993. Removal of Congo red from aqueous solution by waste banana pith. J. Sci. Technol., 1: 33-42.

Also the uptake capacity decreases as the amount of sorbent dosage was increased this is due to the increase in the number of solute particles and as the pH varies the is a considerable change in the uptake capacity of the sorbent and all the dyes follow pseudo second order kinetics and also the data fit to Langmuir isotherm very well.