Salinity Effects on Direct Shoot Regeneration of Two Male Populus Clones
||International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)|
|© 2017 by IJBTT Journal|
|Volume - 7 Issue 1
|Year of Publication : 2017|
|Authors : Fadia El-Sherif, Enas Safaa Ibrahim, Yun-Kiam Yap|
|DOI : 10.14445/22490183/IJBTT-V20P601|
Fadia El-Sherif, Enas Safaa Ibrahim, Yun-Kiam Yap "Salinity Effects on Direct Shoot Regeneration of Two Male Populus Clones", International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT), V7(1): 1-9 Jan to Mar 2017. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.
Plant regeneration from leaf and root of two Populus clones, P. tremula L. and hybrid P.tremula L. x P. tremuloides "Michx”, under different salinity levels (control, 8, 12 and 14 dS/m) were investigated. The exposure of salinity stress to both leaves and roots explants during regeneration stage decreased the number of shoots/explant, the height of regenerated plantlets and explant weight. In addition, increased salinity level also decreased the mean values of thickness of midrib, mesophyll tissue, and the diameter of vascular bundle and biggest xylem vessels of both clones. Consistent with the decrease in regeneration and growth, the chlorophyll a and b, as well as leaf carotenoid content of the regenerated explants were reduced with increasing sodium ion and the ratio of Na+/K+ and Na+/Ca2+ ions.
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In vitro, Populus tremula, hybrid poplar, salinity.