Ecological Diversity and Distribution of Noble Macro Fungi of Sal Dominated Forest of Central India with Special Reference to Agaricales

International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)
© 2015 by IJBTT Journal
Year of Publication : 2015
Authors : Singh Surendra, Dwivedi Sandhya, Chauhan U.K , Tiwari Mahendra Kumar


Singh Surendra, Dwivedi Sandhya, Chauhan U.K , Tiwari Mahendra Kumar "Ecological Diversity and Distribution of Noble Macro Fungi of Sal Dominated Forest of Central India with Special Reference to Agaricales", International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT),V13:1-7 November-December 2015. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.


The present study was undertaken within a year from June 2012 to September 2013 in different sampling sites of Amarkantak Biosphere reserve forest, Anuppur district of central India. The vegetation and climatic conditions of Amarkantak possesses prime location in India for the hot spot biodiversity of macro-fungi. Although this region is still unexplored due to the unawareness and less attention towards this subject. The study was therefore done to explore the variable and diverse species of macro fungi which have economic and medicinal importance. Present study describing the diversity and distribution of different mushrooms in different habitats of Amarkantak forest of central India. Total 58 mushroom samples were collected belonging to different genera . Russulceae and Amanitaceae were the most dominated families in this study .This study is the extended work of previous work done by the author .Preliminary work has been already published. Two medium were tested for the in vitro culture of mushroom mycelium. It was observed that PDA medium was the most suitable medium for agaricales.


[1] Pande, V., U.T. Palni and S.P. Singh. (2004). Species diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with temperate forest of Western Himalaya: a preliminary assessment. Curr. Sci. 86(12): 1619- 1623.
[2] Giachini, A.J., V.I. Oliviera, M.A. Castellano, and J.M. Trappe. (2000). Ectomycorrhizal fungi in Eucalyptus and Pinus plantations in southern Brazil. Mycologia 92(6): 1166-1177.
[3] Dahlberg, A. 2001. Effects of fire on ectomycorrhizal fungi in Fennoscandian boreal forests. Silva Fennica 36(1): 69-80.
[4] Horton, T.R. and T.D. Bruns. (2001). The molecular revolution in ectomycorrhizal ecology: peeking in the black box. Molecular Ecology 10: 1855-1871.
[5] Jonsson, L.M., M.C. Nilsson, D.A. Wardle, and O. Zackrisson. (2001). Context dependent effects of ectomycorrhizal species richness on tree seedling productivity. Oikos 93: 353-364.
[6] Singer (1975) The agaricales in modern taxonomy, 4th edition [7] Singer R. (1986). The agaricales in modern taxonomy, 4th edition Seven Koel. Scientific books, D-62.40 Koenigstein, Germany.
[8] Jordon M. (1995). The encyclopedia of fungi of Britain and Europe. In: David Charles (eds.) John Taylor Book Venture Ltd., Brunel House Newton Abbot, Devon.
[9] Rinaldi A., Tyndalo V. (1985). The complete book of mushroom. Crescent Books New York.
[10] Atri N.S., A. Kaur, S.S. Saini, Indian J Mushroom, 2000, 18, 6-14. [11] Rahi, D. K. (2001). Studies on the edible tribalmushrooms of M. P. and development of technology for large scale production. Ph. D.Thesis, R. D. University, Jabalpur (MP), India.
[12] Upadhyay M.K. (2004). genetic diversity of mushrooms of central india ,Ph.D Thesis ,R.D.University, Jabalpur (MP), India. [13] Sharma Rohit , Rajak R. C.; Pandey A. K. (2008). Journal of Mycopathological Research Vol. 46 No. 2 pp. 201-212.
[14] Kennedy PG, Hortal S., Bergemann SE, Bruns TD. (2007). Competitive interaction among three ectomycorrhizal fungi and their relation to host plant performance. Journal of Ecology 95,1338-1345.
[15] Agrawal P., Sah P. (2009). Ecological importance of ectomycorrhize in world forest ecosystem. Nature and Science 7 (2),107-116.
[16] Kranabetter J.M., Durall D.M., Mackenzie W.H. (2009). Diversity and species distribution of ectomycorrhizal fungi along productivity gradients of a southern boreal forest. Journal of Mycrrhiza 19:99-111.
[17] Turjaman M, Saito H, Santoso E, Susanto A, Gaman S, Limin SH, Shibuya M, Takahashi K, Tamai Y, Osaki M, Tawaraya K. (2011). Effect of Ectomycorrhizal fungi inoculated on Shorea balangeran under field conditions in peat-swampforest. Wetland Ecology and Management 19(4), 331-339
[18] Turjaman M. (2013). Mycorrhizal Fungi as input for conservation technology of forest rare plants forest and Rehabilitation for degraded lands (in Indonesian). Scientific Work Speech. Research and Development Centre for Conservation and Rehabilitation. The Ministry of Forestry of Republic of Indonesia. 24 pp.
[19] Pradeep CK, Vrinda KB. (2010). Ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity in three different forest types and their association with endemic, indigenous and exotic species in the Westhern Ghat forest of Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala. Journal Mycopathol, Res, 48 (2), 279-289.
[20] Molina R, Massicotte H, Trappe J M. (1992). Specificity phenomena in mycorrhizal symbiosis: community-ecological consequences and practical implications. In: Allen M.F. (Ed.). Mycorrhizal functioning, an integrated plant-fungal process. Chapman and Hall, London. p. 357-423.
[21] Chotimah HENC, Kresnatita S, and Miranda Y. (2013). Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of local vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 14 (2), 106-111
[22] Pyasi A, Soni KK, Verma RK. (2013). Effect of ectomycorrhizae on growth and establishment of sal (Shorea robusta) seedlings in central India. Nusantara Bioscience 5 (1), 44-49
[23] Hernnandez M.G., Linera G.W. (2011). Diversity of macromyceties determined by tree species, vegetation structure and microenvironment in tropical cloud forest in Veracruz, Mexico, Botany. 89,203-206.
[24] Mardji D. (2014). Diversity and dominance of ectomycorrhizal fungi after burned and unburned forest in Kutai National Park (Indonesia). International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies. 5(4), 344-353.
[25] Muliyani R.B., Sastrahidayat I.R., Abdai A.L., Djauhari S. (2014). Exploring ectomycorrhiza in peat swamp forest of Nyaru Menteng Palangka Raya Central Borneo. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Science 5 (6):133-145.
[26] Zhang, W., Parker, K.M., Luo, Y., Wan, S., Wallace, L.L., Hu, S. (2005). Soil microbial responses to experimental warming and clipping in a tallgrass prairie. Global Change Biology 11: 266– 277.
[27] Koide, R.T., Shumway, D.L., Xu, B., Sharda, J.N. (2007). On temporal partitioning of a community of ectomycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 174: 420–429.
[28] Sato, H., Morimoto, S., Hattori, T. (2012). A thirty-year survey reveals that ecosystem function of fungi predicts phenology of mushroom fruiting. PLoS ONE 7(11): 1-8.
[29] A`Bear, A. D., Crowther, T. W., Ashfield, R., Chadwick, D. D., Dempsey, J., Meletiou, L., Boddy, L. (2013). Localised invertebrate grazing moderates the effect of warming on competitive fungal interactions. Fungal Ecology.
[30] Gange, A.C., Gange, E.G., Mohammad, A.B., Boddy, L. (2011). Host shifts in fungi caused by climate change? Fungal Ecology 4: 184-190.
[31] Egli, S. (2011). Mycorrhizal mushroom diversity and productivity—an indicator of forest health?. Annals of forest science 68(1): 81-88.
[32] Rayner, A. D., & Boddy, L. (1988). Fungal decomposition of wood. Its biology and ecology. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
[33] Lindahl, B.D., Ihrmark, K., Boberg, J., Trumbore, S.E., Högberg, P., Stenlid, J., Finlay, R.D. (2007). Spatial separation of litter decomposition and mycorrhizal nitrogen uptake in a boreal forest. New Phytologist 173: 611–620.
[34] Smith, J.E., Molina, R., Huso, M.M.P., Luoma, D.L., McKay, D., Castellano, M.A., Lebel, T., Valachovic, Y. (2002). Species richness, abundance, and composition of hypogeous and epigeous ectomycorrhizal fungal sporocarps in young, rotation-age, and oldgrowth stands of 215 Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) in the Cascade Range of Oregon, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Botany 80: 186–204.
[35] Logan, J.A., Regniere, J., Powell, J.A. (2003). Assessing the impacts of global warming on forest pest dynamics. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1:130-137.
[36] Baptista, P., Martins, A., Tavares, R.M. (2010). Diversity and fruiting pattern of macrofungi associated with chestnut (Castanea sativa) in the Trás-os-Montes region (Northeast Portugal). Fungal Ecology 3: 9-19.
[37] Dighton, J. & Mason, P.A. (1985). Mycorrhizal dynamics during forest tree development. In: Developmental Biology of Higher Fungi. Moore D, Casselton LA, Wood DA, Frankland JC (Eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. pp: 235-243.
[38] Luoma, D.L., Frenkel, R.E., Trappe, J.M., (1991). Fruiting of hypogeous fungi in Oregon Douglas-fir forests: seasonal and habitat variation. Mycologia 83, 335–353.
[39] Keizer, P.J. & Arnolds, E. (1994). Succession of ectomycorrhizal fungi in roadside verges planted with common oak (Quercus robur L.) in Drenthe, The Netherlands. Mycorrhiza 4: 147–159
[40] Smith, J.E., Molina, R., Huso, M.M.P., Luoma, D.L., McKay, D., Castellano, M.A., Lebel, T., Valachovic, Y. (2002). Species richness, abundance, and composition of hypogeous and epigeous ectomycorrhizal fungal sporocarps in young, rotation-age, and oldgrowth stands of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) in the Cascade Range of Oregon, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Botany 80: 186–204.
[41] Griffith, G. W., & Roderick, K. (2008). Saprotrophic basidiomycetes in grasslands: distribution and function. In British Mycological Society Symposia Series (Vol. 28, pp. 277-299). Academic Press.
[42] Bååth, E. & S?derstr?m, B. (1979). Fungal biomass and fungal immobilization of plant nutrients in Swedish coniferous forest soils. Revue D’Écologie et de Biologie Du Sol 16: 477-489.
[43] Frankland, l.C. (1992). Mechanisms in fungal succession. In: The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem (eds. G.e. Carroll and D.T. Wicklow). 2nd. edn. Mercel Dekker, New York: 383-401.
[44] Boddy, L. (1999). Saprotrophic cord-forming fungi: meeting the challenge of heterogeneous environments. Mycologia 91: 13-32.
[45] Lindahl, B., Stenlid, J., Finlay, R.D. 2001. Effects of resource availability on mycelial interactions and 32P transfer between a saprotrophic and an ectomycorrhizal fungus in soil microcosms. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 38: 43–52.
[46] Jonathan, S.G. & Fasidi, I.O. 2001. Effect of carbon, nitrogen and mineral sources on growth of Psathyerella atroumbonata (Pegler), a Nigerian edible mushroom. Food Chemistry 72: 479-483.
[47] Zadrazil F. (1975). Influence of CO2 Concentration on the Mycelium Growth of Three Pleurotus Species. European Journal of Applied Microbiology 1: 327-33.
[48] Wallander, H. & Nylund, J.E. (1991). Effects of excess nitrogen on carbohydrate concentration and mycorrhizal development of Pinus sylvestris L. seedlings. New Phytologist 119: 405–411

Amarkantak- Biosphere Reserve, Forest, Macro fungi, Diversity