Microbial Diversity: A Key Driver of Environmental Biotechnology
||International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)|
|© 2015 by IJBTT Journal|
|Volume - 5 Issue - 2
|Year of Publication : 2015|
|Authors : Alum, O.U., Obuba, L.E|
Alum, O.U., Obuba, L.E "Microbial Diversity: A Key Driver of Environmental Biotechnology", International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT), V5(2):31-37 Apr - Jun 2015, Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.
Microorganisms have been part of man’s environment from the earliest times. In the past microorganisms were seen as enemies. However, a better understanding has improved our perception of their diversity and utility. Molecular biological techniques, particularly the study of small sub-units rRNAs and the respective genes, have provided new insight into microbial diversity confirming the inadequacy of our initial knowledge and estimates. New molecular techniques have enhanced our ability to investigate the dynamics of microbial communities and utilize them for the benefit of man and the environment.They are applied to wastewater treatment, remediation of contaminated environment, recovery of toxic heavy metalsfrom aqueous solution, and Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR).Their potential is tremendous and could be further enhanced by application of recombinant DNA techniques and advances in genomics. Microbial diversity has become friends in environmental management.
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Bioremediation, Phytoremediation, MEOR