Biotechnological Intervention In The Biosynthesis of Carotenoids

International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)
© 2021 by IJBTT Journal
Volume - 11 Issue - 3                          
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Muhammad Azeem, Tanzeela Rehman, Muhammad Faiq, Uzma Qaisar
DOI :  10.14445/22490183/IJBTT-V11I3P606


MLA Style:Muhammad Azeem, Tanzeela Rehman, Muhammad Faiq, Uzma Qaisar  "Biotechnological Intervention In The Biosynthesis of Carotenoids" International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology 11.3 (2021): 42-50.

APA Style:Muhammad Azeem, Tanzeela Rehman, Muhammad Faiq, Uzma Qaisar(2021). Biotechnological Intervention In The Biosynthesis of CarotenoidsInternational Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology, 11(3), 42-50.


Carotenoids are a group of naturally occurring pigments found in fruits and other plant parts. Due to their color and nutritional value, they have many industrial applications and are generally synthesized by micro-organisms. Here in this review, we discussed the history, sources, biosynthetic pathways in various microorganisms, and biotechnology interventions in the production of these industrially important molecules. Carotenoids are synthesized in the chloroplast by the action of a series of nuclear-encoded membrane proteins. These gene products are synthesized in the cytoplasm with precursor polypeptides containing amino-terminal extensions that lead them to the chloroplasts. The biosynthesis of carotenoids has been exhaustively reviewed in this article. This review will accentuate various biotechnological approaches adopted to increase carotenoid accumulation in plants.


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Carotenoids, xanthophylls, tetra-terpenoids, lycopene