Practice and Associated Factors Towards Infection Control Measures in Delivery Room among Health Workers in Shone Badawacho, Southern Ethiopia, January 2020.

 
 
International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)
 
© 2020 by IJBTT Journal
Volume - 10 Issue - 2                          
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : AddisuYeshambel, WalellignAnmut

Citation

MLA Style:AddisuYeshambel, WalellignAnmut "Practice and Associated Factors Towards Infection Control Measures in Delivery Room among Health Workers in Shone Badawacho, Southern Ethiopia, January 2020." International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology 10.2 (2020): 1-12.

APA Style:AddisuYeshambel, WalellignAnmut(2020). Practice and Associated Factors Towards Infection Control Measures in Delivery Room among Health Workers in Shone Badawacho, Southern Ethiopia, January 2020. International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology, 10(2), 112.

Abstract

Background:Infection in healthcare workers is a major public health problem in most developing countries. Infections acquired as a result of poor practice are a major health concern, contributing to increased morbidity, mortality worldwide. Although prevention of health-worker related infections is central to the delivery of high-quality care and most of these infections can be prevented with relatively low cost, many health facilities have no effective preventionprograms.Improving health staff behavioural change and developing infection prevention guidelines is required. Therefore the aim of this study was to asses practice and associated factors towards infection control measures in the delivery room among Health workers in Shone Badawacho, Hadyia Zone Ethiopia.

Methods: A Hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Shone Hospital, Ethiopia from January 1 to February 30/2020. A total of 217health care workers were included and binary and multiple logistic regressionswere used to see the association of variable withthe practice of infection prevention.

Result:Healthcare workers` (HCWs)practice on infection prevention control measures was 53.9% and the remaining 46.1% demonstrated it poorly. Participants whose age greater than 50years [AOR=1.48, 95% CI [1.99-2.36], take infection prevention training (AOR=6.68, 95% CI [1.57-20.73] and, know infection prevention guideline [AOR=1.92, 95% CI [1.31-2.73]were more likely practicing infection prevention than others. However, male health workers were 62% less likely practicing infection prevention than female workers [AOR=0.38, 95% CI [0.55-0.770] and those who have much workload were 30% less likely practiced IPP than others [AOR= 0.70 CI95% [0.120-0.54].

Conclusion:The overall practice of infection prevention was found to be low and most practiced poorly. Therefore improving institutional supplies like hand hygiene material, PPE, waste disposal materials and developing safe infection prevention programs/guidelines and training of workers with the up-to-date infection prevention guidelines is recommended.

References

[1] Sunley K, Gallagher R, Reidy MP, Dunn H. Essential practice for infection prevention and control: RCN guidance for nursing staff, 2/2. British Journal of Healthcare Assistants. 2018;12(1):28-33.
[2] Fashafsheh I, Ayed A, Eqtait F, Harazneh L. Knowledge and Practice of Nursing Staff towards Infection Control Measures in the Palestinian Hospitals. Journal of Education and Practice. 2015;6(4):79-90.
[3] Harun GD. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards infection control measures among nurses in selected hospital in Bangladesh. Infection, Disease & Health. 2018;23:S2.
[4] Komuhangi G, Kevin NU, Felex IO, Kabiri L. Factors Associated with Compliance with Infection Control Guidelines in the Management of Labour by Healthcare Workers at Mulago Hospital, Uganda. Open Journal of Nursing. 2019;9(07):697.
[5] Demisse GA, Sifer SD, Kedir B, Fekene DB, Bulto GA. Determinants of puerperal sepsis among post partum women at public hospitals in west SHOA zone Oromia regional STATE, Ethiopia (institution BASEDCASE control study). BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2019;19(1):95.
[6] De Jonge S, Boldingh Q, Solomkin J, Dellinger P, Egger M, Salanti G, et al. Conference on Prevention & Infection Control (ICPIC 2019). Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control. 2019;8(1):148.
[7] Geberemariyam BS, Donka GM, Wordofa B. Assessment of knowledge and practices of healthcare workers towards infection prevention and associated factors in healthcare facilities of West Arsi District, Southeast Ethiopia: a facility-based cross-sectional study. Archives of Public Health. 2018;76(1):69.
[8] Mehta R, Mavalankar DV, Ramani K, Sharma S, Hussein J. Infection control in delivery care units, Gujarat state, India: A needs assessment. BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2011;11(1):37.
[9] Sahiledengle B. Instrument processing knowledge and practice amongst healthcare workers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[10] Hussein S, Estifanos W, Melese E, Moga F. Knowledge, attitude and practice of infection prevention measures among health care workers in wolaitta sodo Otona teaching and referral hospital. J Nurs Care. 2017;6(416):2167-1168.1000416.
[11] Teshager FA, Engeda EH, Worku WZ. Knowledge, practice, and associated factors towards prevention of surgical site infection among nurses working in Amhara regional state referral hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia. Surgery research and practice. 2015;2015.
[12] Sharma B, Ramani K, Mavalankar D, Kanguru L, Hussein J. Using ‘appreciative inquiry’in India to improve infection control practices in maternity care: a qualitative study. Global health action. 2015;8(1):26693.
[13] Desta M, Ayenew T, Sitotaw N, Tegegne N, Dires M, Getie M. Knowledge, practice and associated factors of infection prevention among healthcare workers in Debre Markos referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. BMC health services research. 2018;18(1):465.
[14] Sahiledengle B, Gebresilassie A, Getahun T, Hiko D. Infection prevention practices and associated factors among healthcare workers in governmental healthcare facilities in Addis Ababa. Ethiopian journal of health sciences. 2018;28(2):177-86.
[15] Tabatabaei SM, Pour FB, Azadeh H. Infection Control Practices and Program Management in Labor and Delivery Units: A Cross-Sectional Study From Iran. International Journal of Infection. 2016;3(2).
[16] Aschale B, Tamir Y, Alem G. Knowledge, attitude, practice and associated factors towards post exposure prophylaxis to HIV infection among health care professionals in Debre Markos town public health institutions, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017. Clinical Practice. 2017;14(6):385-95.
[17] Gulilat K, Tiruneh G. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of health care workers on infection prevention in health institution Bahir Dar city administration. Science journal of public health. 2014;2(5):384-93.
[18] Unakal CG, Nathaniel A, Keagan B, Alexandria B, Lauralee B, Varun C, et al. Assessment of knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards infection prevention among healthcare workers in Trinidad and Tobago. Int J Community Med Public Heal. 2017;4(7):2240-7.

Keywords
Practice, Infection prevention, infection control measure, Delivery room.