Parmacogenomics based drug design for asthma

 
 
International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)
 
© 2013 by IJBTT Journal
Volume - 3 Issue - 3                          
Year of Publication : 2013
Authors :D. Rachel Evangelene Tulip, K. Krishnadevi, K.K. Surya, K.Sekar

D. Rachel Evangelene Tulip, K. Krishnadevi, K.K. Surya, K.Sekar "Parmacogenomics based drug design for asthma",International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT), V3(3):1-30 July - September 2013. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

Abstract

Each sub-population will respond to a particular drug in a different way based upon the genetic profile. Pharmacogenomics deals with the study of how individual’s genetic make-up plays an important role in body’s response to drugs by correlating gene expression with the drug efficacy or toxicity. Asthma is a very common chronic disease involving the respiratory system in which the airways constrict, become inflamed, and are lined with excessive amounts of mucus, often in response to one or more triggers. The β2-adrenergic receptor is the most common adrenergic receptor in the lung, and associations between ADRB2 polymorphisms and intermediate phenotypes of asthma have been reported. The total number of SNPs in the ADRB2 gene was analyzed. According to the SNP profile, the ADRB2 protein was modeled with the help of Modeller 9V2 software. Docking studies were performed with the available candidate drugs with the help of Autodock.

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Keywords
The application of pharmacogenomics approach to Asthma will be essential for understanding the preventive mechanisms and could lead to individualized drug therapies in future.