Biosorption of Thymol Blue in Waste Water using Activated Carbon of Cynodon Dactylon

International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)
© 2016 by IJBTT Journal
Volume - 6 Issue - 2                          
Year of Publication : 2016
Authors : Dr.V.Krishnasamy, G.Mathubala

Dr.V.Krishnasamy, G.Mathubala "Biosorption of Thymol Blue in Waste Water using Activated Carbon of Cynodon Dactylon", International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT), V6(2): 9-17 Apr - Jun 2016, Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.


The presence of dye effluents in surface water is becoming a severe environmental and public health problem. Biosorption is potentially an attractive technology for treatment of wastewater for removing color constituents, heavy metal, etc., from industrial wastewater. Natural plant materials and agricultural wastes are applied in Biosorption technology to remove color constituents from aqueous media. They offer an efficient and cost-effective alternative to traditional chemical and physical remediation and decontamination techniques. In this project we use Cynodon dactylon (Arugampul) to remove Thymol blue.


1. Harlan, J.R. 1970. Cynodon species and their value for grazing and hay. Herbage Abstr. 40:233-239.
2. Gibbs Russell, G., L. Watson, M. Koekemore, L. Smook, N. Barker, H. Anderson, and M. Dallwitz. 1955. Grasses of southern Africa. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa No.58. 437 pp.
3. Santos, A. and S. Boechat. 1994. Cynodon (Poaceae, Chloridoideae) in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Iheringia Serie Botanica. 44: 85-102.
4. Stromberg, J. 1995. Exotic herbaceous species in Arizona's riparian ecosystems. pp.45-57. In Brock, et al. (eds.). Plant invasions: Studies from North America and Europe. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands. 223 pp.
5. Thomasson, M. and G. Theodore. 1997. The vegetation of the recent soils in southwestern Madagascar (example of Tulear): IV. The psammophilous series. Acta Botanica Gallica. 144:195-208.
6. Toth, T., M. Kertesz, L. Catasus Guerra, J. Labrada Labrada, B. Perez Machado, P. Castillo Fonseca, and M. Nieto Martinez. 1997. Plant composition of a pasture as a predictor of soil salinity. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 45: 1385-1393.
7. Arnow, L. 1987. Gramineae. pp.684-788. In Welsh et al. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs 9:1-894.
8. Dr. K. M. Nadkarni's Indian Materia Medica, Volume 1, Edited by A. K. Nadkarni, Popular Prakashan, Bombay, 1976, pp. 425-6.
9. Duke, J.A. and Wain, K.K. 1981. Medicinal plants of the world. Computer index with more than 85,000 entries. 3 vols.
10. Lewis, W.H. and Elvin-Lewis, M.P.F. 1977. Medical botany. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
11. Degener, O. 1957-1963. Flora Hawaiiensis or The new illustrated flora of the Hawaiian Islands. Book 6. USA.
12. Miller, D.F. 1958. Composition of cereal grains and forages. National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Washington, DC. Publ. 585.
13. Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa. 2nd ed. E.&S. Livingstone, Ltd., Edinburgh and London.
14. J.Y. Farah; N.Sh. El-Gendy; L.A. Farahat, “Biosorption of Astrazone Blue basic dye from an aqueous solution using dried biomass of Baker's yeast”, Journal of Hazardous Materials (September 2007), 148 (1-2), pg. 402-408.
15. P.A.R.K. Raju, K. VarahalaRaju, M.S.R. Reddy, K. Swami, and S. Prasanthi, “Bio remediation of the Dyes in the Effluent Water with a Probiotics Saccharomyces Cerevisiae”, Vol-I, ISSUE-XIII, [February 2012].
16. Ganapaty Alagumuthu, Vellaisamy , Veeraputhiran , Ramaswamy , Venkataraman, “fluoride sorption using cynodon dactylon-based activated carbon”, Hem. ind. 65 (1) 23–35 (2011).

Effluents, Biosorption , aqueous media , remediation, decontamination , Cynodon dactylon (Arugampul).