Selection of Seaweeds for Feed Pellet Preparation

 
 
International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT)
 
© 2016 by IJBTT Journal
Volume - 6 Issue - 2                          
Year of Publication : 2016
Authors : Arun D, Sushmila Rai G, Preethi J, Gayathri PK

Arun D, Sushmila Rai G, Preethi J, Gayathri PK " Selection of Seaweeds for Feed Pellet Preparation", International Journal of Biotech Trends and Technology (IJBTT), V6(2): 5-9 Apr - Jun 2016, Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

Abstract

SEAWEEDS were found to contain lot of nutrients when consumed by coastal cattles gives them immense immune power. This feature of seaweeds was used for the preparation of feed pellet for cattle consumption. The collected seaweeds (Gracilaria edulis, Chaetomorpha linum, Enteromorpha intestinalis) were tested for the presence of phytochemicals as well as the quantitiy of protein and reducing sugars. It was observed that the presence of alkaloids, tannin, steroids, cardiac glycoside, Phenol, Terpenoid, carbohydrate and Flavanoid were present in almost all the extracts. Among the 3 seaweeds Gracilaria edulis showed maximum number of active constituents. Also G. edulis showed maximum quantity of protein and carbohydrate when compared to other 2 species. The antioxidant activity showed concentration dependent pattern. The G. edulis obtained same antioxidant effect as that of Ascorbic acid at a concentration of 2.5 mg/mL. Future research shall be focused on replacement of active ingredients in the marketed feed formulation for cattle with one of seaweeds to get a better nutrient content.

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Keywords
Seaweeds; phytochemical; Biuret method; antioxidant; DNSA method.